This article and this article both cite a movement by the NRM to make military service obligatory for all Ugandans. Though the proposal still has to be passed into law, and there isn't really a discussion of either how likely or unlikely this will be, it seems like soon more Ugandans will be donning fatigues.
The Monitor article says this:
The national service resolution, Mr Mbabazi said, will call on Sections 8A and 17 of the Constitution which require Ugandan citizens to participate in the common good as well as undergo military training in order to defend the country. He did not state whether there were threats to the country or why the provisions of the Constitution were being operationalised at this time.It also quotes some opposition to the movement as saying this:
"Compulsory military training is not relevant for Uganda today. Nationalism cannot be measured by military training," said CP President Ken Lukyamuzi.
The changes that would take place in society if there were a nationalized draft would be substantial. Anyone who has visited Israel knows that the military is one of the cornerstones of the society - does Uganda want to be that kind of society?
There are so many details that aren't mentioned - like who would be excluded, and who would be able to get pardons, and would people go before university? and if so, would that prevent more people from going to university when there are already so many challenges to going?
This policy clearly needs not just some serious thought but more detailed planning if it is going to be put into effect.